Sciatica is the discomfort that travels down each leg following the sciatic nerve’s course from your lower back through your hips and buttocks. Sciatica commonly involves one side of your body.
What is sciatica pain?
“Sciatica” is frequently used to refer to any discomfort that starts in the lower spine and travels down the leg. An aggravation, inflammation, pinching, or displacement of a nerve in the lumbar region causes this discomfort.
A damaged or slipped disk that strains the neural root is the most frequent cause of this condition. A tumour can constrict the nerve, and diseases like diabetes can harm it. Most sciatica sufferers find comfort by themselves with patience and self-care measures.
Signs you have sciatica
Sciatica is pain that travels through your lower (lumbar) vertebrae to your hip and extends down to the back of your legs. Nearly anywhere along the nerve route may cause you agony, but the lower back, hip, back of the thighs, and calves are the most common locations.
In the afflicted part of your lower torso, some persons also experience tingling, loss of sensation, or muscular loss of strength. One could have numbness in one area of your leg while feeling pain in the other.
There are many types of sciatic nerve pain, ranging from a bit of discomfort to a scorching or stinging sensation. It can occasionally feel like an electric shock or jolt. The symptoms may worsen whenever you sneeze or cough and extended sitting time may make them worse.
When should you consult a doctor?
Eventually, mild sciatica often fades away. Seek emergency medical attention if:
1. You experience sudden, intense low back or leg discomfort, as well as numbness or muscular weakness in your leg
2. Your bladder or bowels are difficult for you to control.
How can you treat sciatica?
Your physician could advise one of the below therapies if your sciatic nerve pain doesn’t go away with self-care techniques.
A. Physical exercise
Your physician or a physical therapist can create a rehabilitative program to assist you in avoiding other injuries once your acute pain has subsided. This frequently includes movements to promote mobility, increase muscle strength that supports your back, and improve your posture.
The following categories of medications can be administered for sciatic nerve pain:
2. Muscle relaxants
3. Tricyclic mood stabilizers
4. Anti-epileptic drugs
C. Steroid injections
In rare circumstances, your doctor could advise injecting a corticosteroid drug into the region surrounding the affected nerve root. Corticosteroids work to relieve pain by reducing swelling close to the inflamed nerve.
This method is often only considered if the constricted nerve results in considerable paralysis, loss of bowel and bladder control, or discomfort that increases over time or resists other treatments.
Patient awareness is essential to treating sciatica. So Sciatica can have various reasons, and interdisciplinary healthcare practice is most suited to treating the condition.
Most instances of sciatica are treated most effectively with conservative measures until a severe constriction of the sciatic nerve occurs.
Surgery can performed only after all other options have failed; however, the patient should informed of the dangers and associated side effects. And last, it’s essential to continue exercising regularly even after surgery.