The second most prevalent degenerative brain disorder affecting individuals is Parkinson’s disease (PD). (The most prevalent is Alzheimer’s disease.) All racial and ethnic groups are susceptible to PD.
However, it happens less frequently in populations of African Americans and Asian Americans. Due to their difficulties moving and balancing, people with Parkinson’s disease pathophysiology are more likely to fall and sustain injuries.
As part of a multidisciplinary approach to care that encompasses other therapies and community-based exercise coaching, therapies involve a combination of medications and physical therapy.
Occasionally, surgery may be required. Physical therapists collaborate with PD patients, as well as their families. They support them in symptom management, fitness maintenance, and continued activity.
Physical therapists are experts in movement. Here is everything you need to know about Parkinson’s physical therapy.
Your physical therapist may concentrate on exercises and education to assist you, depending on the type and severity of your condition. Any or all of the following activities could be part of your physical therapy programme:
Cues for movement.
Physical therapists can improve gait and balance outcomes by giving visual, auditory, or technology-assisted feedback and direction when walking or performing particular movements.
People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) can benefit from exercise classes and opportunities in the community to increase their motor, nonmotor, functional mobility, and quality of life. Your physical therapist can advise you on the kinds of exercise classes that might be beneficial.
This frequently involves doing moderate- to high-intensity cardiovascular exercises. Aerobic exercise is crucial to slow the deterioration in a physical condition that can come with Parkinson’s disease. It needs to start as soon as the disease process begins.
Progressive exercises that increase muscle strength in each muscle group can lessen the severity of motor disease in those with Parkinson’s disease. Strength and power can also be increased by it.
These nerve cells, or neurons, usually generate the crucial brain chemical dopamine. Movement issues linked to the disease are brought on by decreased dopamine production due to the neurons’ degeneration or death. Scientists are still unsure of what causes neurons to degenerate.
What are the symptoms?
Loss of muscle control is one of Parkinson’s disease’s most well-known symptoms. Today, experts know that Parkinson’s disease can manifest itself in various ways and not just as problems with muscle control.
Most Parkinson’s patients receive medication therapy to treat their disease’s symptoms. To restore the balance between the chemicals in the brain, these medications either encourage the remaining cells in the substantia nigra to produce more dopamine or inhibit some acetylcholine. Working closely with the doctor to develop a customized treatment plan is crucial.
Low dopamine levels in the brain cause Parkinson’s disease, a progressive condition of the central nervous system.
Slow movement, stiff muscles, freezing episodes, tremors, and unsteady balance are a few symptoms that can occur.